Irkutsk State University

Institute of Oil and Coal-Chemical Synthesis

ISU Branch

Department/Laboratory

Topic of Research

The most important results of the last 5 years

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Institute of Oil and Coal-Chemical Synthesis

 

Laboratory of Inorganic and Analytical Chemistry

 

Chemistry of complex compounds of transition metals of low oxidation. Inorganic ion exchangers on tin phosphate base. Bioinorganic electrochemistry applied to the solution of some health problems, and the creation of microbial fuel elements. Chemistry and Electrochemistry of natural bioactive compounds.

 

  • studies of theoretical questions of electrochemical determination of nitrogen monoxide and molecular oxygen in biological tissue in vitro;
  • detailed elaboration of mechanism of antioxidant activity using models and structural analogues of the most active natural antioxidants;
  • exploratory research on targeted synthesis methods for inorganic sorbents, on basic knowledge of their structure, study of ion exchange characteristics when splitting elements with similar properties;
  • new scientific evidence to optimize the analytical determination of nitrogen monoxide and molecular oxygen if simultaneously present in biological tissue;
  • study of the mechanism of electrooxidation of natural antioxidants as well as their analogues and models of their structural fragments;
  • data to develop targeted synthesis methods for inorganic sorbents, to study their structure and ion exchange characteristics when splitting elements of similar properties.

 

A.Safronov

915-789

dean@chem.isu.ru

Laboratory of Catalysis

 

The catalytic conversion of hydrocarbons by homogeneous and nano-catalysts

 

 

  • Proposed a new type of nanocatalysts based on palladium nanophosphide of broad spectrum of catalytic activity in liquid hydrogenation of alkenes, alkynes, nitro or carbonyl groups.
  • Developed a strategy for the synthesis of high-performance hydrogenation nanocatalysts based on complexes of nickel and palladium under the influence of aluminumorganic compounds and complex aluminum hydrides
  • Discovered new types of catalyst systems di-and oligomerization of lower alkenes based on carboxylates and bdiketonate palladium  and molecular complexes of trifluoride boron with oxygen-containing compounds when active Pd-C bond is formed without the organometallic compounds
    The main advantages of the new class of palladium catalysts determining their competitiveness are high technological effectiveness and relatively low cost of synthesis of precursors, low sensitivity to trace amounts of H2O and O2 in the reaction environment.

 

 

 

 F.Schmidt

52-10-85

fkschmidt@chem.isu.ru

 

Laboratory of
X-ray fluorescence analysis

 

 

The development of theoretical and methodological foundations of physical and chemical methods of control in environmental monitoring.

  1. Formulated recommendations (generalized approaches) to develop methods of X-ray fluorescence analysis of unsaturated samples, allowing us to create six methods for determining the chemical composition of materials and technological products that can be used for pollution control in natural and industrial areas.
  2. Refined the technology of membranous standards of aerosols composition simulating loaded suction filters.
  3. Obtained models of  the dependence of fluorescence intensity and background on the chemical composition and the surface density of unsaturated emitters, which enabled us to formulate recommendations (generalized approaches) to select the calibration function for XFA of air sprays, dry and liquid dairy products.
  4. Studied the effect of micro absorption heterogeneity at the XFA of saturated and unsaturated emitters, created from ultra-fine (D <10 micron) powders.
  5. Proposed the algorithms for determining the metrological characteristics of spectral instruments, as well as algorithms for intralaboratory statistical control of results of intralaboratory operational control of accuracy of an analysis.

 

 

Prof. A.Smagunova

(3952)521047

rfa@chem.isu.ru

Laboratory of Hydrochemistry

 

Regularities of the hydrosphere formation of the Baikal region

 

1. Studied of the composition and quality of mineral waters of the south of Eastern Siberia;

2. Studied of the composition of underground water for drinking and domestic use;

3. Improved the process of extracting medicinal drugs from mineral water;
4. The results of the research on water uncovered in wells allows us to characterize the chemical composition, physicochemical properties, typing of waters and their balneological value.



G. Schpeizer

 

425-844

zippo1@mail.ru

Laboratory of Organic Synthesis and Polymerization Processes

 

The development of forming azole- and azine-containing macromolecular compounds with low molecular, polynuclear, oligomeric and high molecular precursors.

 

1. Introduced the concept of reactivity of vinyl derived azoles

 in radical polymerization.

2. Introduced the concept of formation of high-molecular compounds of different architectures on the basis of nitrogen heterocycles.

3. Introduced the concept of the polymerization approach to produce polymer-bitumen composites with desired performance characteristics.

 

 V. Kizhnyaev

521102

kizhnyaev@chem.isu.ru

Laboratory of Kinetics of Catalytic Processes

 

The study of the fundamental features of the mechanisms of cross-coupling reactions to search for new effective "ligand-free" catalysts

 

A method for distinguishing homogeneous and heterogeneous mechanisms of catalytic reactions complicated by the course of interconversion of several potentially active forms of the catalyst, based on the analysis of the phase trajectories of reactions with similar substrates competing for the same catalyst. The application of this method coupled with the operando spectroscopy technique allowed us to obtain conclusive evidence of a significant contribution of the heterogeneous catalysis in the Suzuki reaction with aryl bromides and significant contribution of

the homogeneous mechanism in the Suzuki reaction with aryl iodides. From the kinetic studies we established the dualistic role of a base in the Suzuki reaction, on the one hand, forming intermediates of the catalytic cycle capable to transmetalation; and, on the other hand, participating in an undesirable formation of borate anions that causes complex dependence of the course and release of the product on the concentration of base. An efficient catalyst system for the production of biaryls from low reactive aryl bromides and aryl boronic acids under mild conditions using simple palladium salts without any ligand.

 

 

F. Schmidt

201307

aschmidt@chem.isu.ru